The State Council executive meeting was held on June 5, and the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes (Revised Draft) was adopted. The draft strengthens the responsibility of producers of industrial solid waste, improves the discharge permit system, and requires the establishment of a system for the distribution, collection, transportation and disposal of domestic waste. The meeting decided to submit the draft to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for deliberation.
Solid waste refers to solid and semi-solid waste materials that are polluted by human beings during production, construction, daily life and other activities and are discarded at a certain time and place.
Environmental engineering terminology is defined as follows from the Environmental Protection Standards of the People's Republic of China (Environmental Engineering Terminology) (HJ2016-2012).
English: solid waste
Chinese definition: solid, semi-solid, and gaseous substances, substances, and laws and administrative regulations that are lost in the production, life, and other activities, or that have not been lost in use but are discarded or abandoned. Provisions for substances and substances that are included in the management of solid waste.
The President of the People's Republic of China Order No. 31 defines solid waste as follows: it refers to the solid or semi-solid which is lost in the production, living and other activities, or which has not been lost in value but has been abandoned or abandoned. And the gaseous substances and substances placed in the container, as well as the articles and substances that are included in the solid waste management as stipulated by laws and administrative regulations.
Energy-saving rubber and plastic mill solid waste refers to solid and muddy substances discarded by humans in production and living activities. It is called solid waste. It includes solid particles separated from waste water and waste gas. Solid or semi-solid materials that are produced by all human activities and that are no longer of use value to the owner are generally referred to as solid waste. Solid waste generated in various production activities is commonly referred to as waste residue; solid waste generated in living activities is called garbage. "Solid waste" is actually only for the original owner. In any production or living process, the owner often uses only some of the active ingredients for raw materials, commodities or consumer goods, while most of the solid waste that is no longer of use value to the original owner still contains the needs of other production industries. The composition, after a certain technical link, can be transformed into production materials in the relevant sector of the industry, and can even be used directly. It can be seen that the concept of solid waste is relative and vacant and relatively reflective. Promote the social recycling of resources, with the aim of making full use of resources, increasing social and economic benefits, and reducing the amount of waste disposal for social development.
The “waste” in the term solid waste has distinct temporal and spatial characteristics. In terms of time, it is only relative to science and technology and economic conditions. With the rapid development of science and technology, mineral resources are depleted, and biological resources lag behind human needs. Yesterday's waste is bound to become a resource for tomorrow. From a spatial point of view, waste is only useless relative to a process or aspect, and not used in all aspects of the process. Waste in one process is often the raw material of another process.
There are many classification methods for classified solid waste, which can be divided into organic waste and inorganic waste according to their composition; they can be classified into solid waste, semi-solid waste and liquid (gaseous) waste according to their forms; they can be classified into dangerous according to their pollution characteristics. Waste and general waste; etc.; classified by mining, industrial, urban, agricultural and radioactive.
In addition, solid waste can be divided into two categories: toxic and non-toxic. Toxic and hazardous solid waste refers to solid, semi-solid waste that is toxic, flammable, corrosive, reactive, radioactive and infectious.
According to the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes (promulgated in 1995), it is divided into municipal solid waste, industrial solids and hazardous waste.